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Jordanie : 2000 ans d'histoire//Jordan : 2 000 years of History

jordanieLe Royaume jordanien porte l’empreinte d’une histoire féconde qui a vu se succéder Grecs, Romains ou princes Musulmans.
Amann, la capitale est surplombée sur les hauteurs de la ville par la citadelle, nom donné au palais Omeyyade. L’édifice au dôme en bois date du 8ème siècle.
A proximité, le Mont Nebo, qui, domine la Mer Morte et où, dit-on,s’éteignit Moïse, et la ville Madaba, avec ses églises aux mosaïques anciennes.
Le passé romain du pays est toujours présent, notamment à Jerash, une des cités anciennes les mieux conservées où des empereurs comme Hadrien insufflèrent un fantastique élan architectural.
Taillée dans la pierre, PETRA « la cité rose » fut la capitale de ce peuple de caravaniers qui transportait vers la Méditerranée la myrrhe, l’encens et toutes les denrées précieuses de la lointaine Arabie.
Au Sud, le désert de Wadi Rum, le plus grand et le plus majestueux des déserts jordaniens, est une large vallée posée sur un socle de granit, bordée de falaises de gré rouge.
Kérak, ancienne forteresse croisée encore entourée des fortifications de la vieille cité, s'élève à 900 mètres au-dessus du niveau de la mer.
On comprend tout de suite, à la vue des formes extraordinaires de ce château fortifié, pourquoi pendant des millénaires, le sort des rois et des nations s'est décidé ici.
Le désert quant à lui, garde le souvenir de ces princes musulmans qui y établirent leurs résidences de chasse, au milieu des terres alors fertiles où abondaient les vergers et gibiers, comme les châteaux de Quasr el Kharaneh , et de Quasr al-Amra.

 

The Kingdom of Jordan is strewn with the traces of its fertile history, the influence of Greek, Roman and Muslim rulers.

 

Amann, the capital, is dominated by the ‘citadelle,’ the name given to the Umayyad palace which sits on a hill in the centre of the city. The domed wooden structure dates back to the 8th century. Archaeologists have discovered both Greek and Nabatean relics here.

 

Not far away, looking out over the Dead Sea, is Mount Nebo, where Moses is said to have passed away, as well as the town of Madaba, with its churches full of ancient mosaics.

 

The country’s Roman past is visible to this day, especially at Jerash, one of the best preserved ancient cities, where emperors such as Hadrien are known to have invested in ambitious architectural projects.

Jordan is full of monumental sites which bear testament to its rich history. A stunning example is Petra, which represents the Nabatean period.

 

Cut into the rock of the cliffs, PETRA, « the pink city » was the capital of the Nabateans, a caravan people who transported myrrh, incense, and other precious commodities of the far East towards the Mediterranean.

In the South, is the Wadi Rum desert, the largest and most majestic of the Jordanian deserts. It is a large valley which sits on a plateau of granite, closed in by the grey-red cliffs that line the sides of the valley over a stretch of roughly 70km.

 

Still surrounded by the fortifications of the old city, the ancient crusader stronghold of Kerak, stands on the top of a hillside at some 900m above sea level. A simple glance at the extraordinary forms of this city and of its fortified castle, leaves you in no doubt as to why, for thousands of years, the fates of Kings and nations were decided here.

 

In the desert, however, the over-riding influence is that of the Muslim princes, who built houses in this once fertile land, where they came to hunt. Castles such as Quasr el Kharaneh, and Quasr al- Amra once stood amongst orchards in a land rich with game.

 

The Jordanian desert, is characterized by its castles, the Al Azraq castle, fortress of Diocletian, for example, was rebuilt by the Mamluks at the start of the 13th century. It is an impressive structure built out of black basalt rock, with an Umayyad mosque in the centre.

 

Réalisé par Jacques VICHET

Version Française                              

Version Anglaise                          

©2015 DISPONIBLE

Un documentaire de 52’

Haute Définition

HD Cam & Digital Betacam 16/9

French version https://vimeo.com/285970798